Why is it so urgent that Rwanda takes care of its environment?
In order to end with the environmental destruction, Rwanda decided to restore 2 million hectares of damaged lands before 2020. It represents more than 80% of the total surface of the country. The employed means are planting campaigns, terraces building to fix soils, and 85% of lots being changed into a special system to restore the lost crop yields of lands that were too much exploited.
In May, new floods in the West of the country killed 18 people, for a total of 200 dead persons during the last 4 months. It explains well the emergency of the situation.
At the end of year 2017, 710,000 hectares were covered by this type of program, but it was not enough, as the environment protection is not an option anymore. As the vast majority of the population (Rwanda is the African country with the highest density, and its population is expected to double during the next 30 years) is living on agriculture, overexploitation of lands and erosion due to uncontrolled deforestation is undermining crop yields. According to the United Nations, these losses are each year equivalent to the capacity for feeding 40,000 persons.